Güncelleme tarihi: 10 May
AGARWOOD: Liquid Gold
Common name in the world: agar tree, oud tree, Agarwood, oud tree, agarwood, oudh, Gaharu
The oud tree, about which we can talk about pages and pages, is not a subject that can be summarized with just a few words. It is like the invisible part of the iceberg of very deep and complex specific issues.
What is Agarwood: Agarwood is one of the most important and luxurious natural substances that can be found on earth. It is created when Agarwood trees become infected with a certain type of mold.
Thymelaeaceae are evergreen tree species native to Southeast Asian countries and are commonly known as Aquilaria, Gyrinops, and Aetoxylon. It is in the first place with its feature of being the most precious tree in the world, which has been used as incense in medicine and religious rituals throughout history.
What makes the agarwood tree so valuable is that it is a kind of resin that it secretes to heal the wound that occurs when it is injured by natural or artificial methods, and the timber of the normally healthy oud tree is odorless and has no commercial value. This value owes to the resin it secretes to heal the damage it has suffered. A fungal disease with Phialophora parasitica and other derivatives, which causes serious infection in the agarwood tree, reacts by producing dark brown resin on the tree trunk.
This diseased resin region is very dark, very aromatic mysterious smell occurs. This is the most important region of the oud tree.
As studied and tested by researchers by time to time, Agarwood (Oud) essential oil has been recognized as “liquid gold” since it brings enormous positive effects for human physical and mental health, human skin, brain as well as spiritual aspects.
Today, the global oud market is estimated to be in the range of 6-8 billion US dollars, and the raw material of oud oil is one of the most important components of the perfume industry.
Agarwood oil is used as a stabilizer in perfumes, usually in the base notes, and it gives very good results, especially when mixed with musk, rose, amber, vanilla and floral essential oils
Certain precautions have been taken by preventing the illegal cutting of wild agarwood, which is taken under protection by many countries, and subjecting it to serious penalties. Due to the fact that it is self-infected in its natural environment and produces fragrant resin wood at a low rate of 1%, today, with the sustainable culture plantation harvest grafting, this tree is much easier and faster to become infected and produce resin. Purpose; saving the endemic agarwood tree from the extinction stage, and the industrial Sustainable
Agarwood tree has become more popular. Only the infected resinous region of the agarwood tree is called liquid gold because of its commercial value, the pure aromatic oil obtained by steam distillation with stainless steel boiler retorts or copper retort boilers.
Along the Silk Road, an ancient trade and trade network stretching from Europe to East Asia, it traveled east and west in very precious scents, and agarwood never lost its value and thus agarwood was included in Christian and Islamic cultures both as medicine and incense, and subsequently in the last century. It has continued and continues to be in demand as the mysterious exotic object of natural history.
Agarwood tree resin oil has close to 150 unique molecular structures, and the oil obtained has an extremely complex odor; It is dark brown, green, yellow, blue, red. Colors may differ depending on the distillation method and the raw material used.
Essential oil have a chemical weight of less than 1000m (mol). Any kinds of molecules having its weight under 1000m have been tested to be absorbed into human body through skin, nose, or digestive system. Therefore, essential oil owns its crucial part in many treatments, including those for physical, mental or physical health.
Since the pure oil obtained from the agarwood tree is quite expensive, it is one of the most suitable products to be abused and cheated. Usually, it is deliberately mixed with other cheap standard agarwood oils and diluted, or mixed with jojoba and other derivatives, which are much cheaper base oils, these oils are used as diluents, and the most common one is diluted with synthetic fragrances.
Low yield, but determining the quality of a quality agarwood oil, pure oil obtained from the wild agarwood tree without using any artificial method is self-infected as a result of damage by ants or other wild birds and insects in the forest and produces resin, the tree cut for distillation is at least 25 years old, the most dense resinous And of course, a delicate, long intensive procedure with highly skilled distillation produces a high quality fragrant artisanal oil.
High yield distillation but low quality agarwood oils are generally used in aromatherapy and perfumes..
The pure high quality agarwood oils obtained are used by applying directly to the skin as plain natural pure essence in special bottles called roll-on or stick-on application.
Since the pure essential oil obtained from agarwood has the most mysterious multi-layered aroma in the world, it is very difficult to describe the smell. Agarwood essential oil has a highly variable and unusual flavor due to the distillation method, tree age, climate, and related factors depending on which type of agarwood oil is obtained.
Agarwood oils do not have an expiration date. On the contrary, the longer an agarwood oil is stored and kept, the more sesquiterpene molecules in the content of the oil become richer and cause the agarwood oil to smell more refined. That's why aged agarwood oils, called vintage, are much more valuable than new distillation agarwood oils.
Florence Grand Duke Ferdinando II
A merchant commissioned by Florence Grand Duke Ferdinando II de Medici (1610-1670) states that he bought a large agarwood in Southeast Asia for 4,000 ongari (a type of gold coin) in his name.
The extraordinary price tag of the 4000 tengaris paid is difficult to translate into US dollars today, but one can estimate how much this was by looking at the average daily wage of a worker in Florence at the beginning of the 17th century. In those years, about 140 soldi was equal to 1 gold florin.
This If the average Florentine worker earned about 52 florins in 1 year, it would take an astonishing 77 years for them to earn enough to buy the Grand Duke's piece of agarwood.
This figure corresponds to an average price of 1,386.000 euros today.
Oudh species by region in the world: